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27: Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’2024?

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’

Top facts: Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

Hey there! It’s great that you’re curious about the origin of terms like “Deutschlander.” The term you’re looking for is “Deutschländer,” which refers to someone from Germany. The reason behind this is rooted in the German language itself.

“Deutschland” is the German word for Germany. It’s derived from the Old High German term “diutisc,” which means “of the people.” Over time, this term evolved and eventually became “Deutsch” in modern German. So, when you hear “Deutschländer,” it’s basically a combination of “Deutsch” (German) and “Länder” (which means “land” or “country” in German), referring to someone from the country of Germany.

Language and its evolution can be fascinating. It’s amazing how historical and linguistic factors come together to shape the words we use today. If you’re interested in more language trivia, feel free to ask!

Germans are not called “Deutschländer” – but “Deutsche.”

The etymology behind it is very old. The name comes from the old German word “thiutisk,” which means “part of the people”. So, from that perspective, “Deutschland” means: “the people land.”

And that’s why it is not “Deutschländer,” which would mean: “Person from the land of the people.” But “Deutscher” directly addresses the person as part of the people’s nation.

There is a brand of sausages called “Deutschländer.” Also, It is said in the German press that in Turkey, Turkish migrant workers in Germany are called like that – however, I suppose they use a Turkish word for that, and “Deutschländer” is some sort of calque. Otherwise, I am not aware of that word.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

Why at the Olympics is Germany called Germany instead of Deutschland?

I assume that you are watching the Olympics in English.

For the same reason that Japan is not called Nihon, China isn’t Zhongguo, Finland isn’t Suomi, Poland isn’t Polska…

Because you’re watching it in English and English, those countries are called different things. We don’t call it Deutschland in English. We call it Germany. If you were watching it in German, they would be calling themselves Deutschland.

Why is Germany called that way in English, “Deutschland” in German, and “Allemagne” in French?

Germany did not start until 1871; before that, it comprised different countries, provinces, and tribes – Bavaria, Prussia, Saxony, etc.

When the country came about, different languages chose names that were associated with one of the original tribes and just happened to pick differently.

So, “Germany” came from the Latin “Germania,” “Allemagne” from the Alemanni tribe, and “Deutschland” from the old High German word “diuretic” meaning “of the people.”

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

Historically, how did a country get a name in another language? For example, Germans call their country “Deutschland”, while Britons call it “Germany”.

It depends on the country. In Germany’s case, Deutschland is literally “land of the people”; Alemania and Germania are from the names of two tribes that inhabited the region, the Alamans, and Germani; Saksa is from the Saxony region; Niemcy from the Slavic *němъ, “mute,” because the Slavs thought the Germans couldn’t speak properly. (Interestingly enough, *němъ is related to the “mum” part of “mumble.”)

“Name for Germany in European Languages”. From Wikipedia.

Two important words to define here:

  • Endonym: name for a nation in that nation’s language, e.g., Deutschland is the German endonym, 日本 (Nihon/Nippon) is the Japanese endonym.
  • Exonym: name for a nation in a different language, e.g., “Germany” is the English exonym for, well, Germany.

For more distant nations, the exonym is likely significantly different from the endonym. There are many reasons for this, but the most common is that the people got the exonym from a different language’s exonym for that country since they got to that people first.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

If that was confusing, here are some examples:

  • We don’t call India “Bharata” because the Greeks met the Persians first, and the Persian word for India was hindūš (from the Sanskrit सिन्धु Sindhu, “river,” referring to the Indus River).
  • We don’t call China “Zhōng Guó” because the Portuguese went to India first, and the Sanskrit word for China is चीन cīna (likely from the name of the ancient Chinese dynasty, Qin).
  • We don’t call Japan “Nippon” because the Portuguese met the Malay first, and the Malay word for Japan was Jepang (probably from the Min Han ji̍t-pún, from the Old Chinese *nit-pˁənʔ, which is also the origin of Japanese Nippon).
  • We don’t call the Apache “Dine’é” because the Spanish met the Zuni first, and the Zuni didn’t like the Apache, so they called them ˀa˙paču, meaning “enemy.”

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

Closer countries are more likely to have exonyms connected to their endonym, e.g., “France” and France, “Spain” and España, “Netherlands” and Nederland, “Russia” and Россия (Rossiya), etc.

European endonyms. Finland, Norway, and Iceland are not included in this crop; their endonyms are Suomi, Norge, and Ísland from a poster by Akira Okrent.

An interesting etymology I’d like to add here is that of “Wales.” When the Anglo-Saxons invaded, they called the Celts, they encountered “foreigners,” or walls in Old English – which didn’t make much sense, but that’s xenophobia for you.

On a related note, they also discovered a new, weird kind of nut, so they called it a “foreign nut.” In Old English, this was walnut, which was eventually shortened to our modern “walnut.”

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

Why is Germany called “Deutschland” inside Germany, “Allemagne” in French, and “Germany” in English? What is the origin and meaning of these words?

“Deutschland” (“Germany”) has more than three different names/roots.

Just take more languages and see other names.

Use Google Translate and see:

  • English: Germany
  • French: Allemagne
  • Finnish: Saksa
  • Czech: Německo
  • Latvian: Vācija
  • Dutch: Duitsland

OK, I’ll stop here as we have enough names from Germany’s neighbors to continue.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

Where does the word “Germany” come from?

During Antiquity, a large area occupied by Germanic tribes was called Germania by the Romans.

So far, it makes sense. So, why so many different names?

Main reason:

Historically, Germany is a young united country (1871), but naturally, its history didn’t start in 1871.

What is called nowadays Germany was for a long time occupied by different Germanic tribes before being united under one flag.

These tribes were called different names by their neighbors.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

To give you an idea of how numerous the Germanic tribes are, I invite you to look at this Wikipedia page: List of ancient Germanic peoples and tribes – Wikipedia.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

So basically, the French (Franks and Celts) had to deal with the Alemanni more than the other tribes; the Slavic people called the Germanic people something like “Nemets,” which means more or less “those who are mute” related to the language barrier they had to face, Germans and other Germanic countries tend to prefer a name linked to how they were calling themselves “Deutch” coming from “Diustisc/Diet/Diot,” which meant “Folk” but had some phonetical transformation with the time…

Germany (and the Germans) is a very interesting case, as I don’t think we have any other nation (and citizens) with so many different names.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

Sources give partly differing explanations and descriptions. I like these the most.

  • “Deutschland,” the land where “Deutsche” lives, means simplified “the land, belonging to the people.” It was used since the late Carolingian period as the name of the non-romanized population of the Frankish kingdom. Etymologically, the name is rooted in the Old High German word disk, diuretic, and the Old Norse Thiuthæ – from the Germanic root the oda for people or tribe.
  • Germany (English and other languages use similar expressions like the Greek Γερμανία) to indicate the land of the Germanic peoples or tribes.
  • Teutones: still reflected in the Italian word Tedeschi for Germans, rooted in the Germanic tribe of the Teutones.
  • Allemagne (French for Germany) refers to the Alemans, a Germanic tribe.

Some additional, helpful information to understand the Germans.

  • Germania is a Roman word coined to summarize the myriad of tribes from inner Asia confronting the Roman empire.
  • Later, he wanted to transform Berlin into a new, world-dominating monstrous capital named “Germania.”
  • Charlemagne’s son, Louis the Pious, couldn’t bind the Carolingian Empire, which was divided among his sons into three parts. The division of the Middle Part originated two major kingdoms: the later French in the West and the later Germans in the East. The “Francs” in the West were seen as courageous, wild people, often in connection with “free.” The “Deutsche” in the East were the commoners, simple people.
  • “Holy Roman Empire of the German nation” (Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation), which included many non-German peoples beneath a plentitude of small, midsize principalities.
  • As we know it today, Germany was founded as an empire in 1872. Therefore, Germany is about 100 years younger than the United States (founded 1776).

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

In German, it’s pronounced ‘Deutschland’. Why, in English, do we call it Germany? Why don’t we call it Deutschland?

Germany isn’t pronounced ‘Deutschland’ in German, it is called ‘Deutschland,’ which is pronounced ‘dosh-land,’ whereas ‘Germany’ in German would be pronounced as ‘Escher-many.’

The names for Germany in various European languages are so different from those in German and most other related languages, except English, because they are derived from the names of different tribes or from a name in the language itself, as you can see from this map.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

What is normal in Poland but weird in other countries?

I have lived in Poland for a few years and can list the following as somewhat “weird” or unusual or uncommon through the eyes of an outsider.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

  • Going to Church: Young and Old and everybody in between go to church on a regular basis. Many of my co-workers have assured me that Church visits are down compared to twenty years ago, but I can assure you that churches are still pretty full.
  • Monasteries: Yeah, again, something with religion. Monasteries exist throughout Europe, in most cases running on 10% capacity or have recently been converted into a commercial or residential space. Not in Poland. Monasteries are still operational with a healthy generational population. When I first saw young nuns walking the streets of Krakow, I thought it was a hen party… Yeah, ignorance is bliss.
  • Formal Titles: Polish is a formal spoken language, and standing professionally and socially matters. I have people being addressed as “Mr. Director,” “Madam Doctor,” “Mister Paul.” Even if you get to know a person a bit, the relationship can remain formal in terms of how you address each other.
  • Distrust: I really noticed that people need a long time before they open up to you. It was because I was a foreigner, but over the years, I realized that people seem to have a deep respect for their privacy and a healthy distrust towards anybody who knocks on the doors of private life or privacy.
  • Women’s Day (Dzien Kobiet): I don’t mind the tradition, but I find it outdated and senseless. Unless there is a Men’s Day.
  • Soft Spoken: I am from The Netherlands, and when I arrived, I found that the Polish were quite soft-spoken regarding the volume of speech. People prefer to whisper. Best noticed in the workplace or bars/restaurants. If I compare it to the UK/Ireland, The Netherlands, Sweden, and Finland, Polish workplaces and bars/restaurants tend to be relatively quiet.
  • Office Parties: In many of the offices where I worked, if there was an office party, it would be held on Thursday evening, and people would drink hard, and by hard, I mean hard to work Friday from home.
  • Cabbage (Kapusta): The Polish love their cabbage, a base component of the local cuisine. Cabbage is used a lot, and a huge variety is available. I am not a big fan of it, though.
  • Kompot: It is a beverage that you normally take with your lunch. Fruits are boiled, often cooled down, and offered to drink with your lunch. I had to get used to it, but not bad at all.
  • Buckwheat (Kasza): Say what? Buckwheat. I’d heard about it from my Grandma before I entered Poland. Buckwheat is pretty popular in the daily cuisine. There is a wide variety of buckwheat available. I learned to eat it but still find it a weird additive. Then again, millions eat it, so who am I?
  • Timed Bus Tickets: When you buy a bus ticket, it is valid for some time (20 mins, 30 mins, 1 hour), not for a zone or x-number of stops. So if your team is blocked or stuck in traffic… I always found this very weird.
  • Schadenfreude: The Polish mentality (maybe Slavic mentality) can be described as a perfectionist or “glass-half-empty,” and with that, the sense of humor is somewhat different. Seeing somebody else fail seems to cheer up a Polish person.
  • Political Correctness (PC). The average Polish person doesn’t do PC. I never minded it. They see something and comment on it and don’t care if somebody is insulted. Sometimes, it can lead to hilarious, painful, and embarrassing situations.

The above is just a summary; again, these are my experiences.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

What do Polish people think of those who are learning their language?

I want to thank all of you guys for the last answers. I’m here to say that this is my case. 😀 Let me explain my motivations to you!

My name is Matheus Leal, I am 26, and I am from Florianópolis, Brazil. My hometown is not really a place with many Poles or Polish descendants, but both the state of Santa Catarina and the neighboring state of Paraná are. My father comes from the latter. The Poles are probably the greatest group of immigrants, as they first arrived in the XIX century. My father’s hometown is in the region where Poles settled.

Unfortunately for my family and me, he and my mother couldn’t stick together, and they divorced just after I was born, back in 1991. I didn’t have much contact with him in the first years of my life, but my maternal family always told me he had Polish roots. I grew up listening to histories about Poland and the Polish people and searching for anything linked to Poland in books and newspapers.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

When I met my father years later, he did not comment about his background – as it is a very complicated and sensitive issue in his family, to be honest. He denied me more information about his probable Polish heritage, but I kept on with my interest in Poland. Just recently, I found out that his family has Portuguese ancestry instead of Polish. I didn’t mind it. To me, the nation is about where your heart is, not what your blood carries.

Since at least 2004, when I received my first computer as a birthday gift, I researched more about Poland. I even remember that my first search on Google was the national anthem of Poland. 😀 Since at least 2006, I have had a Polish friend from Pabianice whom I met on Wikipedia. She helped me with the Polish language basics–including swearing and cursing.

In Brazil, it is hard to meet someone who speaks Polish, as most immigrants and their descendants successfully assimilated into the Brazilian culture. As time got scarce and my friend and I lost contact gradually, I wasn’t having as much exposure to Polish as I wanted and badly needed. So I decided to learn Polish by myself, without a teacher. Yes, you read it rightly. It’s not only one of the most difficult languages in the World, but you must learn it without any help. 😀

In 2015, I recognized the first signals that my Polish was improving. I could understand the spoken language better, as well as the written language. I started to read news exclusively in Polish and watch videos on YouTube in Polish. I started writing some basic things in Polish and tried to think, speak to myself, and pray in Polish. These were the things that helped me the most. Then, I started using Duolingo, which also helped me a lot. I made more friends, such as a fellow Wikia, Quora, and Duolingo user who will probably read this answer – Czołem, przyjacielu Przemysławie!

I recognize that my Polish is not that good – to be honest with you, I think that even my English has flaws, and it is the language I know the most besides my native Portuguese. But I’m trying to make my abilities more and more solid as time passes. For purely financial reasons, I was not, and I am still unable to contract a teacher to teach me Polish properly, but I know this will happen someday.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

My dream is to live in Poland someday. Not only do I live there, in fact I want to move there and spend my life in the country that I love the most. Brazil is a nice place, you all may think it… Unfortunately, it is not that good. We’re in the middle of too many crises. We have an economic crisis that impoverishes the middle and the low classes. We have a security crisis, as more than 60 thousand people are murdered yearly – SIXTY THOUSAND, just to ensure you read that correctly. We have a moral crisis, as some youth are uninterested in studying and working. Many tend to see crime as a viable alternative to becoming a funk music star or a football player. We are making the already enriched political class richer by paying almost 500 BILLION EUROS in taxes yearly. Most people here live with a wage of no more than €250 monthly – my wage is below the €500 line, and some regular politicians can earn up to €80,000 free of taxes. I don’t want to spend my life here forever. Also, I don’t want my three-year-old daughter to be stuck here forever. It’s just wild. Inne życie jest możliwe!

I have decided to move there, but unfortunately, for the family reasons mentioned above, I’m unable to pursue Polish citizenship, which makes things more complicated. My goal is to ask the President for citizenship, either a process that can be very costly and take several months or years, or to get a job there and stay until the naturalization process is done. This will be the second-best day of my life, just behind my daughter’s arrival in the World.

Most of you will find my history a little peculiar. But all of it is true. I hope you read until the end; I know this text is large, but it was a great joy for me to answer it! I hope you guys understand that I have identified myself as a Pole living in the wrong place for my whole life.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

Why is Korea named Korea in the West, even though the Koreans call their country Hanguk?

Originally Answered: Why is Korea named Korea in the West, even though the Koreans call their country Hanguk?

Nations are rarely known by their native name abroad. Four examples off the top of my head:

  • Greece (“Hellas”)
  • Germany (“Deutschland”)
  • China (“Zhong Guo”)
  • Cambodia (“Kampuchea”)

And those are just the English names. Korean names for Western countries are equally warped (“Meeguk” for the USA, “Dogil” for Germany, “Hoju” for Australia, etc.). I think there are two main factors behind this:

  1. Foreign languages take a lot of work. The sounds you need to pronounce a foreign name properly may not exist in your language.
  2. The concept of a fixed country name is not universal and is a recent tradition in many places. Changeable country names based on ethnicity or government were prevalent until quite recently.

Which brings us to where the word ‘Korea’ comes from. It is generally assumed to derive from Goryeo, the name of a medieval Korean state, called after the family name of the ruling dynasty. North Korea is known internally as Chosun, after a later dynasty, in the same fashion.

Goryeo has two syllables. The first, “Ko,” isn’t too difficult in English, but “rye” is less natural, and putting them together creates a sound that doesn’t exist in English. So, English speakers mangled the word into sounds that they could pronounce easily, fitting an existing pattern of country names in English.

In which aspect is Poland better than the USA?

Original question: In which aspect is Poland better than the US?

Plenty of things in the US make people in Poland envy. Poles don’t take an anti-American stance, which is very popular in Western European countries. People in Poland like and admire many things made in America and many typical American traits. However, despite the US being the strongest and most successful power in the world, there are still many aspects of life in which Poland is better than the US.

1. Manners. Talking loudly, shouting, waving hands, pointing fingers – the kind of behavior so typical for many Americans, is associated in Poland with children, simpletons, and drunks. The overwhelming majority of people respect the code of conduct in public places. You won’t see people dressing like bums in public (shopping in pajamas or other nightwear) save for drunks or mentally ill people. The overwhelming majority of Poles don’t wear flashy shoes and conflicting colors, a trademark of most US tourists in Europe. Wearing a baseball cap indoors is a big no-no. Most children aren’t disrespectful towards their parents. Men aren’t disrespectful towards women and vice versa. There is no subculture of calling women “bitches” which is then accepted by these women with pride! – like in the US ghettos. Spreading your legs widely while sitting in public is considered rude. The list may contain tens of other issues; I don’t have time to think about them.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

2. Education. Despite the negative heritage of the socialist regime, Polish schools educate children on an order of magnitude higher than the education children receive in the US. Accordingly, the level of knowledge of a typical Polish citizen is much higher than that of an American, especially in history, geography, and world affairs. The achievements of American universities somewhat cloud this: extremely wealthy, well-connected, and operating on the most expensive equipment. This situation resulted in plenty of Nobel prizes and the overall scientific potential of the US exceeding by an order of magnitude that of Poland. This is, however, due to the superpower status of the US and its prosperity. At the same time, a typical American has a very poor orientation in everything that isn’t practically needed. This contradicts the European tradition, dating back to ancient Greek philosophers, that knowledge has merit and makes a worthy citizen whose vote is well thought through. American colleges and universities degraded heavily over recent years, and they often provide a garbage, politically loaded education full of idiocy in most of the humanities area of studies, due to constantly increasing influence of crazy neo-Marxists who seek to indoctrinate young people in their anti-scientific identity politics and feminazi nonsense.

3. Security. Life in Poland is incomparably more safe than in the US. There is a low level of violent crimes, a low level of drug abuse, no mass shootings, almost no police killings, and a very low level of gun-related crimes due to gun control (and I’m not saying that it’s a universal solution, for each his own. Implementing gun control in the US would only cause a rebellion, while allowing Poles to have firearms would also have a negative impact, in my opinion) There are no street gangs, no racial ghettos full of people hating the other races, and almost no bullying at schools. The list can go on and on. There is also no barbaric thuggery committed by some specific ethnic groups, for example, the “knockout game” – black teenagers assaulting and knocking down random pedestrians on streets of the US cities or black men hunting down white women and beating them senseless during city riots. [Disclaimer: one of the readers commented: if you think Poland is better for not having a black community, then be honest enough to say it. My answer: No, it’s a misunderstanding. Poland is better for not having African-American ghettos, that’s for sure. I’m sorry, but they developed a thuggish subculture that is very degrading to inhabitants of such ghettos and very dangerous to people of different races who may have the bad luck of being lost near such places and people. Therefore, Poland is incomparably better for not having them. On the other side, I have nothing against African Americans who don’t represent a primitive ghetto subculture.] Of course, Poland’s high level of internal security is somewhat balanced by a low level of external security. In Poland, there is always a risk of being invaded and going through another occupation, desolation, and losing millions of lives. This is when the steady alliance with the US comes in handy…

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

4. Homes. The US houses are usually made from wooden panels. Most of them have the same-looking monotone siding on the outside walls. The same-looking monotone lawns surround them, maybe with the addition of some trees here and there. You can kick a hole in such a wall, fire a machine gun, and kill people in their houses in an entire block because every one of your bullets may penetrate multiple houses. In Poland, houses are usually built from bricks or enforced concrete. There are also inner walls built that way. They have separate rooms. Even a speeding car crashing into an outside wall of a house will stop on an inner wall in most cases. Polish homes are usually surrounded by beautiful gardens full of trees, flowers, and shrubs. Most Polish communities don’t allow for siding on houses’ walls, so people have colored house facades instead.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

5. Welfare state. Particularly tuition-free education and the national healthcare financed by taxpayers. People don’t get indebted over going to college; they don’t have to pay for their college for the next twenty years until it’s time to pay for their children’s college. National healthcare is inefficient, and all governments waste huge amounts of money. However, people still prefer it this way. You can read stories on Quora about US families being bankrupt and broken for the rest of their lives just because they had the bad luck of being victims of a car accident (both parents and all their children were hurt). The hospital bills have become so huge that they won’t be able to pay them off until the end of their lives. You can also watch videos on YouTube, for example, the Live PD series, and you will see how many victims of accidents of different sorts reject any treatment out of fear of being ridiculously overbilled by greedy and ruthless US corporations. Yet many American conservatives still like to theorize about the inefficiency of the state-run healthcare system and about wasting money. Yes, this is true. Any government managing a national healthcare system have proved to be inefficient and to waste a lot of money. Yet, European people still prefer an inefficient government over cruel corporations exploiting human misery. One more thing: the mentally ill and psychically unstable people are taken care of in Poland; they are treated in facilities not let to live on the streets and beg for money like in the US.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

6. Families. The percentage of divorces is way less than in the US (about 30 percent compared to 50 percent in the US), children are more respectful and well-behaved, and men respect women. In contrast, women don’t get offended by it; elders are commonly respected in society. Children and grandchildren usually visit their parents and grandparents often, not only twice a year or only on Christmas like in the US. Many people purposefully build their homes near that of their parents to take care of them. Sending your parents or grandparents to a retirement home is usually scolded by other people, as something heartless. Of course, elders with advanced stages of Alzheimer are often treated in such facilities, which is received with social understanding. Men in Poland are generally more manly; women are more feminine. All the leftist BS about “oppressive patriarchy” and similar stuff doesn’t affect Polish society.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

7. Neo-Marxism contained. Poles have fresh memories of being under the socialist regime; therefore, they are immune to the whole leftist craziness, which has so much influence in many Western countries, the US included. “White guilt,” “outrage culture,” “mansplaining,” “safe zones,” “manspreading,” “cultural appropriation,” and plenty of other crazy things, including political correctness and identity politics, are either nonexistent in Poland or they influence lives of a couple of thousands of the most hardcore leftists. Most of the nation doesn’t give a damn about all this hassle.

Why is a person from Germany called a ‘ Deutschlander ’?

8. Antiquity. While Poland is not Greece or Rome, it has about eight hundred years of history more than the US. That is a lot. It also helps with building patriotism and social cohesion. You inhabit the same land your ancestors walked on a thousand years ago. They didn’t exterminate any indigenous nations to get that land…

9. Tradition. Poland has plenty of customs and traditions that date centuries back. They are spiritual and of unimaginable beauty. Therefore, some American traditions like Halloween are very shallow and superficial. This is how the All Saints Day is celebrated in Poland:

10. Clean cities. No piles of garbage. No used needles everywhere. No invasion of homeless. No graffiti on every facade. No street gangs sing on the walls. Most buildings are well maintained, as well as all the elements of public infrastructure (save for the roads, the short longevity of their surfaces is a steady source of income for the Polish companies and the corrupted officials holding positions in local governments).

Thank you for reading,

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